Andrew Bartlett wrote:
On Wed, 2008-05-07 at 10:56 -0400, Rich West wrote:
> Andrew Bartlett wrote:
>> On Tue, 2008-05-06 at 16:41 -0400, Rich West wrote:
>>> I am not entirely sure where to ask this particular question, and I
>>> apologize in advance if this is not the correct forum...
>>> We have an AD infrastructure and we'd like to get all of our unix boxes
>>> to authenticate against the AD servers.
>> You really should be looking at Samba and winbind. There we handle all
>> the messy details of dealing with AD.
>> If you want (say, for reasons of reducing dependence on AD) to use your
>> own replicated directory, then this is quite possible (and OpenLDAP
>> would be a fine DS for that purpose), but this gets painful with
>> passwords etc.
> Interesting.. I was not aware that there was a pam hook for
> user/password auth.
Yes, pam_winbind and nss_winbind are key parts of what makes winbind
what it is.
If you want something that just works, then this is the route to move
There's a further consideration - AD is one of the slowest authentication
systems out there. If every authentication is relayed by winbind and verified
by AD, the authentication load may be greater than AD can handle. In that
case, it's smarter to pursue the replication approach.
> If I were to do an OpenLDAP replica, it would be read-only, which
> make things a little easier (I hope). Again, if I went down that route,
> I am not sure exactly how to proceed (write a perl script to perform the
> right ldapsearch to pull all of the users entries to build the ldif file
> which then gets slurped in to openldap? write a perl script to use the
> ldap lib to grab each entry and insert it in to openldap?)
I think it's all been done before, but the challenge is getting
passwords. You end up either with passing these along (simple bind ->
krb5 kinit in the OpenLDAP server) or with nasty password sync stuff.
Given the low frequency of password changes (relative to every other type of
operation) it's still better to sync from AD to OpenLDAP than to talk directly
Depending on which version of AD is in use, some variant of Microsoft's
DirSync would be the starting point. That plus their password-sync agent is
all you'd need.
-- Howard Chu
CTO, Symas Corp. http://www.symas.com
Director, Highland Sun http://highlandsun.com/hyc/
Chief Architect, OpenLDAP http://www.openldap.org/project/